How it works: risk indicators
Julie Jeon avatar
Written by Julie Jeon
Updated over a week ago

Every vessel in Starboard is assessed through a risk framework which addresses a range of issues from illegal, unreported, or unregulated (IUU) fishing to maritime security. This results in relevant risk indicators assigned to vessels which can support risk analysis for a particular vessel of interest or vessels in an area of interest (AOI). Starboard’s risk framework has been developed in collaboration with industry experts and literature.

If a vessel meets the risk criteria, the relevant risk indicator is displayed in the selected vessel panel on the map, or in the ‘Risk indicators’ section of the vessel report. Each risk indicator can be investigated further, with details about why a certain risk indicator has been assigned. An aggregated view of risk indicators associated with the fleet can also be viewed for companies.

The risk indicator framework is currently in beta and is continuously being developed. We welcome any feedback on the current set of risk indicators and their distributions, or any other risk criteria you would benefit from seeing in Starboard. Email or use the chat function for further improvements.

Distribution of risk levels

Risk indicators are categorised into themes including IUU fishing, journey, and identity (coming soon). Each risk indicator has one or more relative risk level assigned as below.

Good practice

Low risk

Medium risk

High risk

IUU fishing

RFMO registrations

IUU fishing

High seas transshipments

IUU fishing

EU IUU Register red or yellow card


Lower combined corruption perceptions index score for port visits

Following this initial set, risk indicators coming soon include IUU listed and closely linked, long time at sea, different AIS and IMO vessel identification details, company countries and vessel flag mismatches, uneconomical behaviour, and sudden change of operation area.

Risk criteria and significance

🟢 RFMO registrations

If a vessel is registered with any of the 15 Regional Fisheries Management Organisations (RFMOs) around the world, and the records match the vessel details in Starboard, the relevant RFMO is shown. This indicates good practice.

🟠 High seas transshipments

Highlights if the vessel has been involved in one or more transshipment events in its current journey or since the last port of call. There is less oversight in the high seas, so these vessels may be worth investigating further.

🟡 EU IUU Register red or yellow card

This risk is assigned if the vessel’s flag state has been issued a yellow or red card under the EU IUU Register carding scheme. Yellow card means the flag is under evaluation following evidence of significant flaws within the country’s systems or lack of cooperation to combat IUU fishing. If a flag is issued a red card, imports to the EU of fish products caught by this flag are banned as the reforms have not been carried out.

🟡 Lower combined corruption perceptions index score for port visits

The combined corruption perceptions index (CPI) score indicates whether a vessel has a tendency to visit countries with perceived levels of public sector corruption. More visits to ports with perceived corruption results in a lower combined CPI score. The risk is assigned to a vessel if it has a combined CPI score of less than 30.

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